Punjabi – 2. Vocabulary – 3. Other Pronouns

Punjabi has a lot of pronouns, and it doesn't distinguish between personal and impersonal pronouns as much as English, so many pronouns overlap these two categories. Nevertheless, the pronouns can be explained simply in English. Pronouns can be divided into several classes. Demonstratives are used to point to something, indefinites are used to vaguely substitute a noun, interrogatives are used to ask questions, and relatives are used to connect sentences. Demonstratives can further be classified as being near or far.
PunjabiEnglish
ਆਹ(pn.) something or someone near the speaker
ਹਾਹ(pn.) something or someone near the listener
ਔਹ(pn.) something or someone away from the speaker and the listener
ਇੱਕ(pn.) one (indefinite)
ਕਈ(pn.) some, several (indefinite)
ਥੋੜ੍ਹੇ(pn.) a few (indefinite)
ਬਹੁਤੇ(pn.) a lot (indefinite)
ਸਾਰੇ(pn.) all of them (indefinite)
ਸਭ(pn.) all of them (indefinite)
ਹੋਰ(pn.) more (indefinite; oblique plural is ਹੋਰਾਂ)
ਵਿਰਲੇ(pn.) few (indefinite)
ਅਨੇਕ(pn.) many, several (indefinite; oblique plural is ਅਨੇਕਾਂ)
ਕੁਝ(pn.) something (indefinite)
ਕਦੇ(pn.) sometime (indefinite)
ਕਿਤੇ(pn.) somewhere (indefinite)
ਕੀ(pn.) what (interrogative; declines like ਕੌਣ)
ਕਿਹੜਾ(pn.) which (interrogative)
ਜਿਹੜਾ(pn.) which (relative)
ਕਿਓਂ(pn.) why (interrogative)
ਕਦੋਂ(pn.) when (interrogative)
ਜਦੋਂ(pn.) when (relative)
ਹੁਣ(pn.) now (near)
ਓਦੋਂ(pn.) then (far)
ਕਿੱਥੇ, ਕਿੱਧਰ(pn.) where (interrogative)
ਜਿੱਥੇ, ਜਿੱਧਰ(pn.) where (relative)
ਇੱਥੇ, ਏਧਰ(pn.) here (near)
ਉੱਥੇ, ਓਧਰ(pn.) there (far)
ਕਿੱਥੋਂ(pn.) from where (interrogative)
ਜਿੱਥੋਂ(pn.) from where (relative)
ਇੱਥੋਂ(pn.) from here (near)
ਉੱਥੋਂ(pn.) from there (far)
ਕਿੱਦਾਂ, ਕਿਵੇਂ, ਕਿਸ ਤਰ੍ਹਾਂ(pn.) how (interrogative)
ਜਿੱਦਾਂ, ਜਿਵੇਂ, ਜਿਸ ਤਰ੍ਹਾਂ(pn.) like (relative)
ਏਦਾਂ, ਇਵੇਂ, ਇਸ ਤਰ੍ਹਾਂ(pn.) in this way (near)
ਓਦਾਂ, ਓਵੇਂ, ਓਸ ਤਰ੍ਹਾਂ(pn.) in that way (far)
ਕਿਹੋ ਜਿਹਾ(pn.) what kind of (interrogative)
ਜਿਹਾ(pn.) which kind of (relative)
ਇਹੋ ਜਿਹਾ(pn.) this kind of (near)
ਓਹ ਜਿਹਾ(pn.) that kind of (far)
ਕਿੰਨਾ(pn.) how much (interrogative)
ਜਿੰਨਾ(pn.) as much as (relative)
ਇੰਨਾ(pn.) this much (near)
ਓਨਾ(pn.) that much (far)
ਕਿੰਨੇ(pn.) how many (interrogative)
ਜਿੰਨੇ(pn.) as many as (relative)
ਇੰਨੇ(pn.) this many (near)
ਓਨੇ(pn.) that many (far)
ਕਿੱਡਾ(pn.) how big (interrogative)
ਜਿੱਡਾ(pn.) as big as (relative)
ਏਡਾ(pn.) this big (near)
ਓਡਾ(pn.) that big (far)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *