Punjabi – 2. Vocabulary – 3. Other Pronouns

Punjabi has a lot of pronouns, and it doesn’t distinguish between personal and impersonal pronouns as much as English, so many pronouns overlap these two categories. Nevertheless, the pronouns can be explained simply in English. Pronouns can be divided into several classes. Demonstratives are used to point to something, indefinites are used to vaguely substitute …

Punjabi – 2. Vocabulary – 2. Personal Pronouns

The oblique form is not as difficult as it sounds. It’s used before postpositions, which we will learn about later. Here are the first person singular pronouns: ਮੈਂ (mae~)(pn.) I (subjective) (example: ਮੈਂ ਤੈਨੂੰ ਪਿਆਰ ਕਰਦਾ। (mae~ taenuu~ pi’aara karadaa|, “I love you.”)) ਮੈਨੂੰ (maenuu~)(pn.) me, to me (objective) (example: ਤੁਸੀਂ ਮੈਨੂੰ ਪਿਆਰ ਕਰਦੇ। (tusii~ …

Punjabi – 1. Gurmukhi – 5. Muharni

The Muharni (ਮੁਹਾਰਨੀ (muhaaranii)) is a list of basic words that begin with each letter. A few letters don’t start any words, so those just appear as the letters themselves. This will test your knowledge of Gurmukhi (ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ (guramukhii), ਪੈਂਤੀ ਅੱਖਰ (pae~tii akkhara, “35 letters”)) whilst simultaneously expanding your vocabulary. PunjabiEnglishਊਠ(m. n.) camelਅਨਾਰ(m. n.) pomegranateਇੱਟ(f. …

Punjabi – 1. Gurmukhi – 4. Numerals

Gurmukhi has its own set of numerals. 0, 1, 2, and 3 resemble Hindu-Arabic numerals. 4 doesn’t. 5 resembles its Gurmukhi initial. 6 is an upside-down version of 3. 7 looks like a spiral. 8 and 9 look similar. GurmukhiHindu-Arabic੦ (ਸਿਫ਼ਰ)0 (sifara)੧ (ਇੱਕ)1 (ikka)੨ (ਦੋ)2 (doo)੩ (ਤਿੰਨ)3 (ti~na)੪ (ਚਾਰ)4 (caara)੫ (ਪੰਜ)5 (pa~ja)੬ (ਛੇ)6 (chee)੭ (ਸੱਤ)7 …